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SixStepReframing

Six Step Reframing 原文(3)

Whispering In The Wind
by Carmen Bostic St. Clair and John Grinder
p.220-222

書籍















Let's take as an example a man who has a drinking disorder
an alcoholicor to people who desire to lose weight. It can be usefully appliedto any addiction. In the typical case, an investigation of the client’s pastwould reveal that he has succeeded in stopping drinking for limited periods oftime but then returns to the bottle. If we were to make explicit what thepayoffssecondary benefits or secondary gainsof this behavior are, we would discover one or more of thefollowing: 


 He drinks to relax


 He drinks to escape thepressures of everyday life


 He drinks to achieve astate sociability


 

Suppose that we focus onthe positive intention of achieving access to a state of relaxation. Thispositive intention is the name of a setnamely, theset of all behaviors that offer the client access to a state of relaxation.This set will, by definition, always include the original behavior.

※図の省略(Way of Achieving a State of relaxation)

In other words, withinthe set of ways to achieve states of relaxation, we find a large number ofbehaviors, b1 (sports), b2 (reading), b3 (meditation),bi (drugs), bi1(yoga), bi+j (alcoholism), bn (breathing exercises), (communityservice) … Once we have specified (partially at least) what the members of the set are,the change task is greatly simplified: simply select three or more behaviorsfrom the set to replace the behavior in questioninthis case, alcoholism.

 

In a classic addictioncase, such as alcoholism, there is typically more than a single payoff orsecondary gain involved. The practitioner is cautioned then to divide thechange work into a series of sessions, one for each of the positive intentionsand their associated payoffs. Thus, the application of this step leads naturallyto the generation of a series of sets, each defined by each of the positive intentionsbehind the behavior to be chanfes.

 

It is interesting tonote that these two steps (#3 and # 4) need not involve conscious disclosure ofcontent. More specifically, with the aid of a robust, involuntary signalsystem, the skilled practitioner can remain entirely content free in herapproach. The more remarkable thing is that all this can be managed without theunconscious revealing the content involvedneither thepositive intention nor the new behaviors. Thus, If the client chooses not tohave a conscious disclosure of the content or the unconscious declines to revealthe information, the question presented by the client to his unconsciousthrough internal dialogue in step #3 is:

 Is there a positiveintention behind the behavior to be changed?

 

Or, equivalently:

 

 Can you, my unconscious,confirm that there is a positive intention
 behind the behavior to be changed?

 

In step #4, the requestdelivered by the client to his unconscious via eternal dialogue is:

 

Develop a range of behaviors,all of which satisfy the positive intention you have already confirmed liesbehind the behavior to be changed, and select three or more of these behaviorsfor implementation. When you have completed this task, please give me apositive signal.

 

This pattern guaranteesthat the client will not lose access to the payoffs the original behaviordelivered. It has been our experience over some 35 accumulated years, that themajor difficulty that confronts most therapeutic practitionersresistance - simply does not occur.

 

Resistance, then, wepropose, is a particularly important form of non-verbal feedback that carriesthe message that the change process being applied has not identified adequatelythe positive intentions behind the behavior to be changed or thealternative behaviors to satisfy those intentions are unsatisfactory. This isequivalent to saying that the behavior that the client says consciously hewishes to change has significant secondary payoffs that are not being respectedby the change process presently being implemented. This is another way ofsaying that the person is engaging in a behavior that represents the bestchoice available at present within the limits of her own mental maps, given herperception of the context in which she finds herself. In this pattern., More specifically,in steps #3 and #4, this principle is fully respected and resistance is obviated.

 

In step #5, the clientthen selects three or more behaviors from this set and asks that the unconscioustake responsibility for implementing these new behaviors in precisely thecontexts in which the original behavior being changed used to occur.

 

The final step (#6) is arequest to the unconscious to verify that the new behaviors selected to replacethe original behavior are congruent with the requirements of other parts of theperson. Should it prove that there are objections to one or more of the newbehaviors, the practitioner has two choices: either replace the behavior(s) towhich there are objections with other behaviors from the original setgenerated; or use the objection as the starting point for another reframe,beginning with step #3 in which there is a verification of Some positive intention behind the objection made. All this remarkably can be accomplished bya skilled practitioner without access to the content involveda distinctive advantage of this application of NLP change processes.

In summary, then, the four faults identified in the classic code are correctedby the reframing format that emerged in such a surprising way.

 

The preceding discussion,and especially the explicit introduction of the positive intention as themethod for defining the context in which the changes must occur, offers aprecise way to determine which set of behaviors could serve adequately assubstitutes for the behavior to be changed.


Six Step Reframing 原文(1)
Six Step Reframing 原文(2)
Six Step Reframing 原文(3)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(1)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(2)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(3)


John&Carmen

















NLP共同創始者ジョン・グリンダー博士認定校
ニューコードNLPスクール
ロゴマーク





 

 

Six Step Reframing 原文(2)

Whispering In The Wind
by Carmen Bostic St. Clair and John Grinder
p.215-220

書籍














A Comparison between the Classic Code and Six StepReframing

 

It is instructiveto compare these flaws with the structure of Six Step Reframing. To ensure thatthe reader's mental map is aligned with those of the authors, we offer ananalysis of Six Step Reframing. 

 
Six Step Reframing

 

 1. identify thebehavior(s) to be changed


 2. establish a reliableinvoluntary signal system with the
   unconscious


 3. confirm that there isa positive intention (s) behind the
   ehavior(s) to be changed


 4. generate a set ofalternatives as good or better than the
   original behavior(s) in satisfying thepositive intention(s)


 5. get the unconsciousto accept responsibility for
   implementation


 6. ecological check

 

Step 1 is simply toverify that the client has identified some behavior that is concrete enough toapply the remainder of the patterning to. Note that no information about thedesired state is elicited.

 

In step 2 the agent ofchange arranges the essential process that makes the rest of the patternactually work. It is a respectful interactive dialogue within the clientwhereby he or she uses internal dialogue (talking to themselves) to present aseries of prompts consisting of frames and questions to which he or she willthen passively await the responses from the unconscious. It is the involuntarynature of these responsesphysiological responses thatcannot be reproduced by the conscious mindthat ensuresthat the pattern is not some arbitrary self-serving delusional and ultimatelyfutile exercise.

 

The initial frames thatthe client presents to their unconscious acknowledges the conscious desire ofthe client (obviously prompted by the practitioner) to involve his or herunconscious intimately in the change process. While there are many variationson how specifically the process of actually establishing the signal system canbe accomplished, the simplest and most transparent is to present to theunconscious in the form of internal dialog the following question, 

 
 Will you (referring tohis or her own unconscious) communicate with me?

 

After presenting thisquestion, the client is instructed by the practitioner to wait passively withtheir attention focused on their kinesthetic system (body sensations) to detectthe response from the unconscious. When a change in sensation arrives, theclient simply validates its arrival (a touch on the portion of the body wherethe sensation occurred and a thank you (delivered through internal dialogue).The client next engages in a procedure to determine what the signal representsafter all, a body sensation is simply a sensation. Thedisambiguation procedure to determine whether the signal means yes or no as ananswer to the original question posed, proceeds simply by presenting thefollowing statement to their unconscious (again using internal dialogue),

 

 If the signal justoffered means yes, please repeat it.

 

The subsequent use offraming (explaining the need for a no signal in a frame and then requestingone) will yield the negative involuntary counterpart.

 

Now comes the criticalstep. Requesting that the unconscious remain inactive, the client is instructedby the practitioner to reproduce each of the signals, yes and no, consciouslythat is, without entering into an altered state. If the clientproves incapable of consciously reproducing the signals offered by theunconsciousthat is, the signal(s) is involuntary, thenstep 2 is accomplished. If the client succeeds in reproducing one or the otherof the two signalsthe signal is voluntary and theclient is instructed through the use of framing to request of the unconsciousalternative signal(s) which are then subjected to the voluntary/involuntarytest, until involuntary signals are achieved.

 

This, then, is anexample of a much more general procedure,

diagrammaticallypresented below:


6ステップリフレーミング





 

 









This process literally positions the unconscious in an appropriate way
one of the essential corrections to the classic code formats mentioned previously. Hopefully it also suggests to the trained NLP practitioner an entire generativeclass of formats to directly involve the unconscious in the change process. Theprocedure carries a number of advantages. One obvious one is that theunconscious is superior in its competency for accessing the long term andglobal effects of some particular change with respect to consequences.Consciousness with its limitation of 7 ±2 chunks of information is ill-equippedto make such evaluations.

 

One less obvious advantage is to compare any pattern with this procedure (in whatever variant)with direct hypnosis. Hypnosis, especially in its deeper forms, typicallyimplies a severe disassociation between conscious and unconscious. Indeed, oneof the indicators that hypnosis is the treatment of choice is when the agent ofchange is presented with a client who is so filled with conscious requirementsfor understanding; has beliefs about the impossibility of change... that theagent of change determines these behaviors will greatly impede the client'sability to make changes. Thus, through hypnotic techniques that bypass theclient's conscious mind entirely and therefore the obstacles that clients'conscious activities represent, a skillfulhypnotist can stimulate the clients unconscious to make rapid and deep changein spite of such conscious patterns.

 

Please note, however,one of the ethical commitments of well-trained NLP practitioners is a sort ofmental gymnastic whereby the practitioner makes a note any dis-associations sheinduces in her clients and ensures in the clean up phas at the end of thesession that all such disassociations are reversedthat is, some corresponding association technique is required tore-integrate the portions of the client disassociated as part of the changeprocess. Clearly hypnosis itself is disassociative in this sense, as consciousnesstypically plays no part in its application. Thus the hypnotist must accept theresponsibility of making arrangements for a reintegration of consciousness andunconsciousness as part of the clean up ater a giece of work.

 

In steps 2 through 6 ofthe reframing pattern, all of which involved the use of this involuntary signalsystem, the client will be alternating between a “normal” state ofconsciousness (communicating with the practitioner) and an altered state ofconsciousness (usually a light to medium trance state).

 

Thus, we regard thisclass of procedures (the shifting altered state of the client during steps 26) as congruent with the position that Erickson held at the end ofhis career. When asked the following question,

 

 How deep an alteredstate should a hypnotist strive for with his clients?

 

Erickson replied,

 

 Only as deep asnecessary to achieve the therapeutic goals desired

 

In fact as we willexplicate subsequently, the inclusion of some form of this involuntary signalsystem allows the conversion of any of the classic code patterning into newcode in the sense of significantly correcting the flaws created by Grinder andBandler in their original work together.

 

Steps 3 and 4 defineconceptually the heart of reframing, and while they are best accomplished intwo discrete moves, we will discuss them together here. The strategy is toidentify what the positive intention behind the behavior to be changed is (step3) and subsequently to generate a new set, namely, the set of behaviors thatwill satisfy this positive intention (step 4).

 

We present an example toassist the reader in appreciating how specifically this strategy (to identifypositive intention and develop alternatives) works. Remember that in practice,it is typical that the practitioner will not know what the content of thechange being effected issecret therapy, one of the distinguishingadvantages of NLP applications as applied by the agent of change tothe change process. Indeed, while the client will know what the change beingmade is (as a result of having accomplished step #1)in many cases he or she will not know consciously what the positiveintention(s) behind the behavior to be changed is; nor will such a client consciouslyknow what the new behaviors that will replace original behavior areuntil such time as they actually enter the contexts where the formerbehavior used to occur. It is only at that point that they will discover whatnew behaviors were that were unconsciously selected to satisfy the positiveintention.

Six Step Reframing 原文(1)
Six Step Reframing 原文(2)
Six Step Reframing 原文(3)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(1)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(2)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(3)


John&Carmen

















NLP共同創始者ジョン・グリンダー博士認定校
ニューコードNLPスクール
ロゴマーク

 




Six Step Reframing 原文(1)

Whispering In The Wind
by Carmen Bostic St. Clair and John Grinder
p.209-211

書籍














The Breakthrough Pattern


The historical narrative continues:


It was late on aThursday afternoon when I (John Grinder) arrived from Europe by plane at SeaTac (SeattleTacoma airport). Although the work trip had been strenuous and the temporal displacementfrom Europe to the west coast of the US required careful management I waslooking forward to the next three days.

 

Several months before, Ihad presented a four-day seminar to the professional staff of St. Paul'sPsychiatric Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia. The training had beenexplicitly designed to offer precise patterns and strategies to thepsychiatrists, psychiatric nurses and ancillary staff of this psychiatricInstitute. The initial training had been well received and the agreement wasthat the participants would spend the intervening several months integratingthe patterns presented into their work. I wasto return to offer one day of demonstrations, working with chronicschizophrenics from the back wards, followed by two days of trainingboth to explain what I had done during the demonstrations and toassist the staff in cleaning up their own direct experiences of the last coupleof months.

 

After renting a car atSea Tac, I drove to Vancouver and checked into the hotel. I sensed an imbalanceand resolved to get a full night's sleep to begin work freshly the followingday. When I awoke the following morning, I knew I was in trouble. I was runninga fever of 104F and although only mildly congested, I recognized the symptomsof walking pneumonia.

I rapidly assessed thesituation and decided the most effective way through was to make a deal with myunconscious.

 

OK, I proposed, I needyour helphere's the deal. I will put my behavior entirelyin your hands. My request is that you ensure that we perform at the highestlevel of quality possible in the demonstrations, as surely these professionalsas well as their clients deserve the best we can offer. In return, I promise assoon as the workday is finished, I will go directly to the hotel, down a coupleof shots of brandy, fall into bed and sweat this fever out.  


The day went quickly
as all days without consciousness do. I learned later throughconversations with the participants that worked with five differentschizophrenics during the day and, at least in the opinions of theparticipants, with high quality results. I must confess that to thisvery day, I have no access consciously to any of the events of that day withthe exception of pausing twice during the day (a coffee break and the noonmeal) when I managed to achieve some consciousness of my surroundings. Ichecked with my unconscious asking how we were doing. The response was immediate:

 

 Hush up! I'm handling this.

 

Keeping the consciouspart of the bargain, I went immediately after the day's work to the hotel,popped a couple shots of brandy, collapsed into bed and sweet oblivion. I awokein the morning feeling superb after thirteen hours of sleep and a good sweatout. During breakfast, I thought through the task before me for the daynamely, explicating the patterns I had used as part of the previousday's Work with the chronics. It was at that moment that I realized that I hadabsolutely no conscious access to what I had done.

 

I resolved therefore toarrive at the training facility early and to conduct an informal elicitationsession with the participants, using questions such as,

 

 Which of thedemonstrations did you find most interesting?

 
 And what struck youabout that particular demonstration?

 
 Which specificinteractions between myself and the patient did
 you experience as mostintriguing?

 
 You found themintriguing, how specifically?


・・・


While seeking theseclasses of information from the early arriving participants with casualdesperation in the back of the training room, I noted my eyes wanderingrepeatedly to the front of the room and more specifically to the blackboardlocated there. Finally recognizing the familiar tug of my unconscious, Iexcused myself and walked the front of the training room only to find myselfstanding in front of the blackboard on which the following was written in myown hand:

REFRAMING

 

 1. identify thebehavior(s) to be changed

 
 2. establish a reliableinvoluntary signal system with the unconscious

 
 3. confirm that there isa positive intention(s) behind the
   behavior(s) to be changed


 4. generate a set ofalternatives as good or better than
   the original behavior(s) in satisfying thepositive intention(s)


 5. get the unconsciousto accept responsibility for implementation


 6. ecological check

 

I stood before thispattern stunned by its simplicitya directproduction of my unconsciousa pattern that containsprecisely the differences that would come eventually to distinguish patterns ofthe new code from patterns of the classic code. There is no doubt, nor wasthere any at the time, that this elegant pattern was the product of years of workby both Bandler and myself and represented a dazzling integration of theinfluences of Bateson and Erickson. Yet what a gift!

 

Further conversationswith participants revealed that some of them had noted with great interest thatat some point in the sessions with each of the schizophrenics I had treated thepreceding day, I had run some or all of the points listed in the pattern (invarying forms). This was a pattern that none of them recognized from theprevious four days training that I had conducted and one that had beeneffective in the extreme. At the close of the day, one of them had asked me toexplicate the pattern I had been using. My response was the pattern that nowappeared before me on the blackboard.

 

To this day, and withmany experiences both personally and with thousands of clients over the yearswhich repeatedly have demonstrated that the unconscious is capable ofenormously complex and creative acts when the proper framing and context havebeen established and the lead is released to the unconscious, I remainawestruck by this experiencethe presentation of acomplete pattern for individual change, powerful in its Consequences, elegantin its form and universal in its application. 


Six Step Reframing 原文(1)
Six Step Reframing 原文(2)
Six Step Reframing 原文(3)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(1)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(2)
Six Step Reframing 日本語訳(3)


John&Carmen

















NLP共同創始者ジョン・グリンダー博士認定校
ニューコードNLPスクール
ロゴマーク


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